Tianwen-1 probe successfully enters Mars orbit in China’s first independent mission to Red Planet

Tianwen-1 probe successfully enters Mars orbit in China’s first independent mission to Red Planet

Chinese space probe Tianwen-1 has successfully reached Mars and entered a stable orbit around the Red Planet. The spacecraft is expected to deploy a rover to study the planet’s surface in around three months.

The probe’s half-year journey to Mars successfully concluded on Wednesday, according to China’s National Space Administration. The Tianwen-1 – ‘Quest for Heavenly Truth’ in Chinese – performed a 15-minute retrograde burn, establishing itself in a stable elliptical orbit around the planet.

Apart from having equipment for orbital research, the probe also carries a 240-kilogram rover. The solar-powered vehicle is expected to be deployed in about three months to land on the planet’s surface. If the rover sticks the landing, it will explore the Martian surface for 90 days, taking samples and analyzing the planet’s soil.

The Tianwen-1 mission is China’s first independent mission to the planet, performed without any help from other space-faring nations.

Mars is set to see unusually busy interplanetary traffic this month, with multiple spacecraft arriving within days of one another.

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© CNSA/Handout
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On Tuesday, a spacecraft dubbed ‘The Hope’ entered the planet’s orbit. The probe, launched by the United Arab Emirates from a Japanese space center, is the first interplanetary mission led by an Arab country. The Hope has no landing gear and its mission will focus primarily on studying the planet’s atmosphere and weather.

Another spacecraft is expected to arrive next week. However, the Perseverance probe, launched by the US, will not orbit the planet, but attempt to land on its surface right away.

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